How to Optimize Tax Strategy for Retirement
It’s never too early to start preparing for retirement, including when it comes to taxes
Whether you’ve just entered the workforce or have recently retired, saving and planning for retirement is an ongoing process. Though 57 percent of Americans say that saving for retirement is their top financial priority, nearly 19 percent of people over age 65 are still working either part- or full-time. Many people start planning too late, or just don’t take the right steps to succeed once the time comes.
While taking any step toward retirement savings is important, one of the most significant components is learning the tax pros and cons for each of your options. Making the right moves can end up saving you a lot of money in the long run.
These suggestions will help you optimize your tax strategy:
Analyze tax brackets and expenses
A first step in optimizing taxes in retirement is understanding what tax bracket you’re in—or which one you plan to be in. Then, take a look at your expenses. What can you cut back on? Try to lower your costs to stay in a lower tax bracket, and you won’t need to withdraw larger sums from retirement savings accounts. Withdrawing less, of course, means that you’ll pay less tax.
Understand Social Security income tax
Social Security income tax is different than regular income tax. If your Social Security income is over $25,000, or $32,000 for married couples, it will be taxed. Up to half of this type of income could be taxed, and up to 85 percent, if your income is $34,000 or above ($44,000 or higher for married couples).
These numbers are calculated based on adding your other retirement income to half of your Social Security income. So, to avoid paying these taxes, make sure you know how to balance all of your retirement income effectively. Working with a tax professional can help you understand the requirements.
If you have significant medical expenses in retirement, you may qualify for itemized deductions for the unreimbursed eligible medical expenses that are over 10 percent of your adjusted gross income. Eligible expenses could include necessary aids and equipment, visits to your doctor, testing, or Medicare premiums.
Take advantage of charity tax breaks
You’ll be required to pay income taxes on distributions from your traditional IRA. But if you can live without some of that income, you can opt to donate funds directly to a charity. These charitable contributions won’t count toward your income, so you won’t have to pay income taxes on them.
Another route is to donate securities to charity. You can then deduct the amount of the appreciated investment, which is more tax-advantageous than selling the investment and then giving a portion to charity.
Contribute to retirement accounts while in “retirement”
If you’re retirement-age but still working, you are likely still able to contribute to a 401(k) to save for later retirement years. You can make those contributions and defer paying taxes on them now.
Another option is to put money into a Roth IRA. You’ll have to pay taxes on contributions now, but this avoids paying them when you’re withdrawing from the account.
Required minimum distributions
Once you reach 70½, required minimum distributions from applicable retirement accounts begin. Make sure you’re withdrawing the right amount regularly. Otherwise, you’ll have to pay a steep penalty, which is 50 percent of the required withdrawal amount. This is a big mistake with expensive consequences.
Careful, long-term tax planning
It’s essential to not only analyze your current tax bracket but to make projections for the future based on how tax rates will change. Long-term tax planning allows you to manage your sources of income to save the most possible. You will better understand when to withdraw money from which accounts, and how to manage your investments to limit taxes.
Work with a tax professional
When you’re creating a tax strategy for retirement, an experienced professional who knows the rules can help you pay the least amount legally possible.
Provident CPA & Business Advisors offers tax minimization services that can help you devise an effective tax-minimization strategy. We also offer tips on retirement savings and succession planning strategies for your business.
Contact Provident today with questions and to learn more about our services.